Weave and Its Types

শনিবার, ২৮ মে, ২০১১


The fabric weave or design is the manner in which the warp and weft are interlaced. The pattern or repeat is the smallest unit of the weave which when repeated will produce the design required in the fabric. There are many ways of representing a weave, a most familiar method being to use square design paper.

There are different types of weave for the production of fabrics, such as:
  1. Plain weave
    • Basket/ Matt weave
    • Ribbed ( Warp & Wet )
  2. Twill weave 
  3. Satin and Sateen weave
  4. Variation of Basic weave.
    • Crepe
    • Pile (Cut/Uncut)
    • Double Cloth
    • Gauze (Leno)
    • Swivel
    • Lappet
    • Dobby
    • Jacquard
    • Tri-axial.
1. Plain Weave

The plain weave repeats on 2 Ends × 2 Picks. The plain fabric comprises a high percentage of the total production of woven fabrics and it can be produced on a loom with two harness. IT has the highest number of interlacing as compared with other weaves and therefore it produces the firmest fabric.

2. Twill Weave

Twill weave, the second basic weave is characterized by diagonal lines running at angles varying between 15 and 75 degrees. A Twill Weave is denoted by using numbers above and below a line ( such as 2/1 Twill which may be interpreted as two up one down). There are sever types of basic twill weaves, such as
(a).1/2 Twill  (b).2/1 Twill  (c).2/2 Twill.  (d).2/3 Twill,  (e).3/2  (f) 3/3 Twill,  (g).4/4 Twill Etc.

3. Satin and Sateen Weave

Four or more shafts with warp floats or weft floats in interrupted diagonal. It is very lustrous, excellent drawable. It shows floated fashion. Its has some subcategories as, Satin, Slipper satin, Crepeback satin etc.

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